The Complete Guide to Everything You
Wanted to Know About Dandruff

Treatment

Remedies

Prevention

Our skin cells have the unique ability to regenerate. When this happens, the old, dead cells are pushed out to the surface of the scalp. For those who have dandruff, the rate of skin renewal occurs faster than what is considered to be normal and results in the excessive shedding of dead skin cells.

These dead skin cells are clearly visible on the scalp as well as on the shoulders, especially on dark colored clothes. Also, let’s not forget the fact that they also suffer from itchiness and a sore, red scalp, which add to their woes. These clearly visible signs of dandruff, therefore, cause major embarrassment when they step out in the public.

In short, dandruff is a menace that wreaks havoc on people who suffer from it.

Although a large number of people all over the world suffer from dandruff and there are many commercial products available for its treatment, we seldom know or try to know its root causes. This comprehensive guide digs deeper and answers some of the common questions about dandruff.

Dandruff is not a new disease known to mankind. This is evident from the origin of the word, which dates back to 1545! While the origin of the first part of the word ‘dand’ is not known, the second part ‘huff’ or ‘hurf’ is derived from Archaic Norse word meaning scab, Proto-Germanic ‘hreufaz’ or ‘hreubaz’, meaning rough or scabby and Archaic English ‘hrēofla’, meaning leprosy or leper.

There’s another definition of dandruff, which is said to be a combination of the Anglo-Saxon word ‘tan’ meaning tetter and ‘droff’ meaning ‘dirty’.

Seborrheic or Seborrhoeic Dermatitis is a common condition that is considered to be a common and chronic form of eczema. This is why it is also referred as Seborrhoeic Eczema. Both adults and children and even infants can suffer from various forms of Seborrhoeic Dermatitis. When associated with Psoriasis, it is known as Sebopsoriasis.

Dandruff is a form of Seborrhoeic Dermatitis without inflammation. In this case, it is called Pityriasis Capitis, where it forms several scaly patches of dry and dead skin all over the scalp. When dandruff affects other parts of the body such as eyebrows, sides of the nose, chest and ears, it leads to red and scaly patches of skin.

Dandruff may range from discrete to severe. People who suffer from dandruff have flakes that are often stuck in the hair mesh. This is why it is more visible on people who have a fuller mane as opposed to people who have sparse hair or bald patches.

The root cause of dandruff or Seborrhoeic Dermatitis is not very clear. But it is commonly attributed to the formation of a yeast called Malassezia. The yeast is present on the scalp and sometimes it overgrows when there is secretion of excess oil. The overgrowth of Malassezia produces irritants and subsequently, leads to dandruff. The severity of the dandruff may differ from person to person depending upon various factors.

Contrary to the popular belief, dandruff not just affects the scalp, but also ears, eyebrows, the beard area, sides of the nose and the chest, where the oil glands are more in number.

There can be three common stages of dandruff:

1. Dandruff at stage 1 can cause scaling and irritation of the scalp on a minor level.

2. Dandruff at stage 2 can lead to the secretion of a fluid, which makes the dead skin flakes stick to the scalp. This gives the scalp a yellowish, oily appearance.

3. Dandruff at stage 3 can spread to other areas of the body from the scalp, including the chest and the back, margins of scalp etc.

Dandruff can also be triggered off by several factors, which include but are not limited to:

  • Puberty or Adolescence
  • Dry skin
  • Oil-prone scalp and hair
  • The absence of or poor scalp hygiene
  • Psoriasis and eczema
  • Allergic reaction or sensitivity to certain products
  • Poor diet
  • Genetics
  • Fatigue or stress
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Poor health or chronic illness
  • Personal habits (Place link on this topic in the guide: What are the habits that lead to dandruff?)
  • Extreme weather conditions

Dandruff is the natural process of shedding dead skin cells. Therefore, it is no way related to personal hygiene. However, not cleaning the hair and scalp when needed or avoiding brushing and combing the hair can lead to excessive product buildup. This aggravates dandruff conditions.

No. Dandruff is non-contagious.

No. Dandruff treatments for men and women are the same. It depends on the severity of the condition and a lot of factors, which differs from person to person.

Yes, dandruff is known to get more severe in extreme climatic conditions, especially during winter.

Dandruff can be easily diagnosed and differentiated from similar scalp disorders based on its physical appearance. In some rare cases, your dermatologist or trichologist may ask you to go for a skin biopsy for a detailed analysis.

Here are some common signs and symptoms of dandruff that will help you detect it easily.

  • There are flakes of skin on your scalp that may also be visible on your clothes, especially on the shoulders.
  • The flakes may be small or large, greasy in texture and yellowish-white in appearance.
  • There will be an excessively itchy scalp, eyebrows, hairline, chest or sides of your nose.
  • The scalp may feel tight, tingly and become sore from itchiness.
  • There are red, oily, flaky patches of the skin in adults.
  • The scalp forms crusts and scales in babies and infants (Cradle Cap)

Almost half the population of the world, including men and women, suffers from dandruff, mainly from the pre-pubertal age or at any other stage of their life. Adults get dandruff when they are in the last stages of their adolescence, with males getting it more commonly than females. It is the young adults and the elderly, who are more prone to dandruff.

Even infants may suffer from a particular type of dandruff, called Cradle Cap.

Dandruff in babies or infants of 2 weeks-8 months of age, is known as Cradle Cap. The entire scalp becomes covered with crusty, yellow and brown scales, which may spread to the eyelids, around the nose and the groin area. The scales can lead to itchiness in these areas and scratching them causes inflammation and infection, which may be accompanied bleeding. However, as severe as Cradle Cap may appear to be, it is usually harmless. The condition is temporary and vanishes within weeks or months, depending upon several factors.

Dandruff Dry Scalp Lice Product Buildup

Dandruff is the excessive shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp.

It is a chronic condition caused due to several factors, but mainly due to overgrowth of a yeast, Malassezia. It can cause itching and flaking of the scalp.

Dandruff can also occur at places other than the scalp such as eyebrows, ears, nose and chest, the areas where oil secretion glands are more active.

It is normal for the scalp to shed skin cells regularly. But when this occurs at a rapid pace, it can cause the scalp to become dry. This is Dry Scalp.

The scalp becomes dry owing to a number of reasons, including extreme cold, excessive shampooing that strips the hair of its natural oils.

Head lice are parasites that infest the scalp. There are three forms of head lice – Eggs or Nits, which appear as tiny white grains between the hair, Nymphs or young lice that are tan-colored and fully grown Adult Lice that are size of a sesame seed.

The lice can crawl onto outfits, combs, hair accessories, beddings etc.

Buildup is caused by excessive hair product usage and the way hair and the scalp are cleansed.

More specifically, buildup occurs when the hair is not washed properly or at regular intervals and owing to the accumulation of hair care products, dirt, dust and other foreign particles on the scalp.

Large, yellowish-white, oily flakes of dead skin that are visible on the scalp and shoulders are tell-tale signs of dandruff. Dandruff may lead to itchiness and redness of the scalp.

Dry scalp can lead to smaller, drier flakes of dead skin cells accompanied by irritation, redness and itchiness of the scalp. The flakes are smaller and whitish in color.

Head lice feed on human blood. Therefore, they are close to the scalp and feed off it. The saliva of these parasites during feeding causes the irritation and itchiness.

People with head lice can also feel a tiny insect is moving around on their scalp. They can part the hair and check for Nits, Nymphs and Adult Lice.

Head lice doesn’t cause flaking.

Buildup on the scalp is caused by overstyling or the over use of hair care products including shampoos, conditioners, hair sprays and hair gels etc. When the scalp is not cleansed properly, the products remain on the scalp and clog the pores. This leads to itching, soreness and flaking.

Dandruff is not contagious. However, it can run in families.

Dry scalp like dandruff is not contagious.

Head lice is contagious and it is easily passed on by someone who already has it through close physical contact. Alternatively, using the personal belongings or sharing space with people with head lice infestation can also transfer the lice to others.

Buildup depends upon one’s personal hygiene habits. It is not contagious.

A common question that everyone goes around asking is whether dandruff is related to hair loss or vice versa. The answer is yes. Although, not in a direct way. For instance, when your scalp feels itchy and irritated due to dandruff, you tend to scratch it. Excessive scratching of the hair then leads to its breakage and you lose hair this way. Similarly, when you are already suffering from hair loss, you tend to overlook a lot of things such as not washing the hair frequently fearing that it will make you lose more hair. The poor hygienic conditions then leads to dandruff. Certain hair loss treatments can also trigger dandruff as their side effect.

Dandruff is basically the natural shedding of dead skin cells. As such, it can’t be “cured”. However, with various topical treatments and medications prescribed by a trichologist or a dermatologist, it can be controlled to an extent.

Dandruff is not something that can be cured, but curbed to an extent with help of anti-dandruff shampoos, anti-dandruff lotions and medicines. While there are several over-the-counter-products for getting rid of dandruff temporarily, the medicines for dandruff should be taken only after consulting a doctor.

D’free is an instant remedy for dandruff relief, which can be applied overnight at least twice a week for visible dandruff removal.

The effect of dandruff may range from mild to severe and depends on person to person. When the dandruff cases are extreme, one must visit a trichologist or a dermatologist.

Generally, most of the dandruff cases are not severe and therefore, a visit to the dermatologist or trichologist is not required. It can be treated with common over-the-counter products. But when dandruff becomes severe and causes excessive itching, redness and swelling of the scalp that doesn’t decrease even after over-the-counter products, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will perform a thorough diagnosis and find out the reasons of dandruff. The doctor will also check whether or not you have any other condition such as a dry scalp, which also has dandruff-like symptoms, and suggest a treatment.

Although dandruff is a natural cycle of shedding dead skin and the regeneration of new skin on your scalp, there are certain habits or activities, which can trigger it. These include but are not limited to the following:

1. Using hot water to wash hair

Hot showers are tempting, especially in the colder months. But hair experts repeatedly warn against using hot water for a hair wash as it can increase the dryness of the scalp, which will aggravate dandruff.

2. Washing hair too often

Washing hair too often with chemical-laced shampoos (including anti-dandruff shampoos) can also lead to dandruff. The reason behind this is that shampoos are not recommended for everyday use, but only when the hair and the scalp is dirty and needs a thorough wash. By using a shampoo and even a conditioner on a daily basis, you strip natural oils off the scalp. This also has an adverse effect on the pH balance of the scalp, which becomes more prone to yeast and fungus growth that causes dandruff.

3. Postponing a much-needed hair wash

Even by postponing a much-needed hair wash, you are inviting dandruff home. This is because the dust, dirt and debris get accumulated on the hair and encourage the growth of yeast and fungus. This is what triggers dandruff.

Also, you may use the best products on the market, including shampoos, conditioners, hair oils or even homemade remedies for dandruff. But when you do not rinse your hair thoroughly during the hair wash, these products can buildup on the scalp and accelerate dandruff growth.

4. Using cheap or fake hair care products

Using cheaper alternatives to hair care products or purchasing rip-offs of the expensive products can take a toll on your hair and scalp both.

5. Smoking

Personal habits like smoking can also lead to dandruff. Basically, it makes the scalp excessively dry and increases its sensitivity. This in turn makes dandruff worse.

6. Getting stressed

Stress can also aggravate dandruff as it leads to many changes in the daily routine, such as – not eating sufficient food or excessive smoking. This can lead to a change in the level of hormones, which in turn can cause dandruff.

7. Being undernourished

Believe it or not, your eating habits have a lot to say and do, when it comes to the health of your hair and scalp. Whether you increase your intake of junk food or go on crash diets, it will deprive your body of essential nutrients. When you become undernourished, your immune system weakens and this is where your chances of getting severe dandruff increases.

8. Exposing your hair and scalp to extreme temperatures

Apart from washing your hair with hot water, you also need to make sure that you don’t subject the hair and the scalp to extreme temperatures such as extreme heat or cold. It makes the scalp extremely dry and more dandruff-prone.

9. Touching your scalp and hair too often

Some people constantly touch their scalp and hair out of habit. But by doing this, they only increase fatty secretions on the scalp, resulting in dandruff.

10. Not brushing/combing hair properly

The scalp keeps on shedding dead skin cells periodically and these appear as flakes all over the head. To eliminate the flakes, you need to brush or comb your hair properly at least two times on a daily basis. This will keep your hair free from the unsightly flakes and also, enhance blood circulation and air supply to the hair follicles, which will promote healthy hair growth and a healthy scalp.

11. Not drinking sufficient water

Insufficient water intake can also be one of the major causes of dandruff. It makes the body lose its moisture content, turning the scalp and other parts of the body excessively dry, leading to dandruff.

There are several myths associated with dandruff, which include but are not limited to the following:

  • 1. Dandruff is not a result of dryness: Many people consider dandruff as an outcome of a dry scalp. This is why most of the home remedies for dandruff include hot hair oil treatments. In reality, it is due to the overgrowth of Malassezia, aided by an oily scalp. The yeast starts feeding on the excess oil and this results in dandruff.
  • 2. Washing hair more often can get rid of dandruff: Ask any trichologist or a dermatologist and they will warn you against washing your hair on a daily basis. This is because it will not only strip your hair of its natural oils, but also leave your scalp dry and irritated. Sure enough, you’ll be able to get rid of the flakes for the time being. However, in the long run, this will lead to more product buildup and aggravate the dandruff. Daily shampooing with an anti-dandruff shampoo will also take a toll on your hair and may make it brittle and prone to breakage.
  • 3. An itchy scalp doesn’t mean you have dandruff: An itchy scalp is not necessarily the sign of dandruff. There are many underlying scalp problems that have similar symptoms. For instance, it can be a reaction to a shampoo or a conditioner, which have harsh chemicals or triggered by product buildup, dry scalp, psoriasis and eczema. Therefore, you need to be sure about it first before settling for a dandruff treatment. Going to a trichologist or a dermatologist is one of the best options that you can have in this regard. (Place Link on – Differences between dandruff and similar conditions)
  • 4. Flaking of the scalp means dandruff: Flaking of the scalp is not only due to dandruff. It can be a result of dry skin and product buildup. Physically they may look alike, but there are differences between them. (Place Link on – Differences between dandruff and similar conditions)
  • 5. You can get dandruff only on the scalp: It is a common myth that you can get dandruff only on the scalp. In fact, you can get it on your eyebrows, around the ears, on the chest and even the sides of the nose.
  • 6. Dandruff can be cured: Dandruff is basically the shedding of dead skin cells and it is a normal cycle. There is no “cure” for this cycle but there are treatments available, which can help curb dandruff to an extent.
  • 7. Dandruff can cause hair fall: Hair fall is one of the most common problems that people suffer from and they falsely associate it with dandruff. It is true that dandruff causes itchy scalp and due to excessive scratching of the scalp, the hair breaks and falls. But they are nowhere related to one another.
  • 8. Dandruff is contagious: Dandruff is anything but contagious. The white flakes on people’s scalp may be unsightly, but it doesn’t transfer from one person to another, when they are in close contact. The yeast that causes dandruff (Malassezia) is present on everyone’s scalp and this means that everyone is at an equal risk of developing dandruff.
  • 9. Anti-dandruff shampoos work best for dandruff: It is completely baseless to think that anti-dandruff shampoos work best for dandruff. They contain harsh chemicals, which can eliminate the flakes from the scalp, but have no effect whatsoever on the dandruff-causing fungus. Some of the chemicals can also cause a number of side effects on the user. (Place Link on – What are the side effects of using anti-dandruff shampoos?)
  • 10. Change in weather causes dandruff: It is true that weather can lead to a change in the skin’s dryness levels. But this alone doesn’t guarantee dandruff.
  • 11. Dandruff is a result of poor hygiene: A common misconception about dandruff is that it is caused by lack of washing hair. This is not 100% true as dandruff mainly occurs due to the overgrowth of fungus. Washing may help control the oiliness of the scalp and control fungal growth but that’s all. It has no further role to play. In fact, too much of hair washing can turn the scalp dry and make it prone to dandruff.
  • 12. Keep the head wrapped and there will be no dandruff: Keeping the head wrapped is a good move, especially when you want to avoid pollutants messing up your scalp and hair. But overall, it has no effect on dandruff. In fact, sunlight in a way helps eliminate the fungal growth. When your head is covered, it will get less sunlight and aid growth of dandruff. This explains why dandruff growth gets more intense during winter.
  • 13. Stress causes dandruff: Stress is not a factor that leads to dandruff. However, when you are stressed, your body loses its ability to fight the fungus or yeast, which causes dandruff.
  • 14. Only adults have dandruff: Adults do have dandruff but so do teenagers and infants (Cradle Cap).
  • 15. Dandruff treatments can decolorize colored hair: People with colored hair tend to think that dandruff treatments will make them lose their hair color. This is not true for all products. However, some anti-dandruff shampoos may have chemicals that can fade the hair color.
  • 16. Copper brushes cure dandruff: ‘Copper brushes can cure dandruff’ is a huge myth, even though it is true that copper does have anti-fungal properties. But there is no evidence for this.

Although dandruff can’t really be cured, opting for certain dandruff treatments can control it.

There are several anti-dandruff products available on the market. Most of them contain Sulphur, Tea-Tree oil, Salicylic Acid and ZPTO for the treatment of dandruff. These include anti-dandruff shampoos, oils, serums and lotions. There are also anti-dandruff creams, which are easily available as over-the-counter-products to combat dandruff.

But all these products may not be suitable for everyone or the type of dandruff. This is why you need to opt for an anti-dandruff treatment that is clinically proven or consult your trichologist/dermatologist if the case is severe.

Ask a layman how to remove dandruff or how to get rid of dandruff and he’ll promptly name some popular anti-dandruff shampoo.

There are a number of anti-dandruff shampoos available on the market, with each one claiming to be the most effective when it comes to combating dandruff. This leads to questions on the lines of –

  • Do organic dandruff shampoo or any other shampoo for that matter help cure dandruff?
  • Will anti-dandruff shampoos work for my hair type?
  • Which anti-dandruff shampoo is the best?

To begin with, anti-dandruff shampoos are made from some common ingredients, which include:

Ketoconazole – helps in fighting fungus that causes dandruff

Salicylic acid – helps curb oil and gets rid of flaky skin

Selenium sulfide – slows down the dead skin cells buildup and eliminates fungus

Tar – slows down dead skin cell buildup

ZPTO or Zinc Pyrithione – combats fungus

But then, these and several other chemicals present in anti-dandruff shampoos may lead to a number of side effects.

Anti-dandruff shampoos, which are aggressively marketed as the instant solution to dandruff problems, often contain harsh chemicals that have adverse effects on the hair, the scalp and also, on your overall health and well-being.

Some of the chemicals present in these shampoos may lead to severe allergic reactions, irritation, redness, burning sensation of the scalp, blisters and pain and several other reactions. Let’s take a look at some of the chemicals that may lead to side effects:

1. ZPTO: ZPTO or Zinc Pyrithione is the most important ingredient in anti-dandruff shampoos. It can cause side-effects such as – irritation of the skin and eye, hives and rashes. In extreme cases, it can also lead to hair loss.

2. Sulfates: Sulfates are cleaning agents and are responsible for the foamy lather you see during shampooing your hair. These can cause irritation of the skin, eye and even the lungs. Moreover, they can increase the existing irritation, redness and itchiness of the scalp.

3. Propylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol: These not only irritate the skin and eyes, but also strip the hair of healthy-proteins.

4. Formaldehyde: Shampoos may have a low concentration of formaldehydes, but these are carcinogenic and over-exposure to the chemical, even in low-quantities, may lead to hair loss and problems of the scalp.

5. Strong fragrances: Ever wondered why the anti-dandruff shampoos smell so good? Well, that’s due to the presence of fragrances or parfum. These are synthetic and carcinogenic in nature. Moreover, these can create hormonal imbalance and trigger allergic reactions and aggravate dandruff.

6. Alcohol: One of the major drawbacks of alcohol is that it dries your hair. Therefore, using shampoos with alcohol content frequently can worsen dandruff.

7. Coal tar: Coal tar is another carcinogenic chemical, which is used in anti-dandruff shampoos and has adverse effects, when used frequently.

Dandruff is not curable, but it can be treated and controlled. One of the best and easiest ways to get rid of dandruff is to use D’free, an anti-dandruff lotion.

Unlike anti-dandruff shampoos, the ‘revolutionary overnight anti-dandruff lotion’ is an alternate dandruff treatment that works gently on the scalp. As a result, you get a clean and healthy scalp devoid of dandruff and itchiness.

The lotion contains ‘anti-recurrence’ formula, which includes a combination of 3 powerful anti-dandruff ingredients, which eliminate dandruff. Proven to fight dandruff-causing microbes, D’free is mild, non-greasy and non-staining, which also has Sebum Modulators and Aloe Vera. This helps in soothing the scalp on an immediate basis and you can feel the difference within the first application. Also, instead of making the hair rough or dry and brittle, the enriched nutrients in the lotion make the hair soft and healthy.

All you have to do is use apply the lotion and leave it overnight and wash it off next day with a mild shampoo or cleanser. Follow this regimen for two weeks to get the best results.

Home remedies are temporary solutions for treating dandruff. Although they do not eliminate dandruff completely, some of the remedies soothe the scalp and condition the hair. Here are some well-known home remedies for dandruff relief.

1. Tulsi – Blend Tulsi (or Holy Basil) leaves and Amla (or Indian Gooseberry) in a fine paste by adding water. Massage the paste on scalp and leave it for about an hour. Rinse off with a mild shampoo.

2. Neem – Neem has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Apply a paste of boiled neem leaves on the scalp and wash it off after an hour with a mild shampoo.

3. Aloe Vera – Aloe Vera has cooling effect on the scalp and it also has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties to stop dandruff in its tracks. Applying Aloe Vera gel on the scalp to reduce itchiness and get instant relief from inflammation.

4. Eggs – Eggs work wonders for the hair. But they also work for eliminating dandruff to an extent. Mix two eggs together and apply it on the scalp. Rinse it off after an hour.

5. Baking Soda – Rubbing Baking Soda on the scalp can be another remedy that get rids of dandruff flakes easily. Wet your hair and take a handful of baking soda and rub it on your scalp gently. Wash it off with water.

6. Curd – Curd has cooling properties and it soothes the scalp that has become red and itchy due to dandruff. Apply curd to your scalp and leave it for an hour before rinsing it with a gentle shampoo.

7. Fenugreek seeds – Fenugreek or Methi is another common ingredient on your kitchen shelf, which is quite handy for treating dandruff. Soak a small fistful of Fenugreek seeds in water overnight. In the morning, make a paste of the seeds and apply it on your scalp. Leave it for an hour and then rinse it off with a mild shampoo.

8. Lemon juice and coconut oil – Both lemon juice and coconut oil are excellent remedies for dandruff. Mix them in the 1:5 ratio and apply on the scalp and hair before a hair wash to get instant relief from dandruff.

9. Vinegar – Vinegar not only treats dry and itchiness of the scalp, but also eliminates dandruff-causing microbes. Using vinegar reduces even the numbers of flakes. The best option is to use Apple Cider Vinegar. Make a mixture of Apple Cider Vinegar and water; wrap your hair in a towel or shower cap for 15 minutes before rinsing it off.

10. Garlic – Garlic smells pungent, which can turn you off. However, using raw garlic paste on your scalp can be a great alternative for fighting dandruff. Crush two cloves of garlic and mix it with water. Apply it on your scalp to get rid of the annoying flakes and inhibit fungal growth. Rinse thoroughly with a mild shampoo.

11. Onion – Believe it or not, but even onion juice can ward off dandruff. Blend onion in a fine paste and apply it on your scalp. Wash it off with a gentle shampoo after sometime.

12. Tea Tree oil – To treat severe dandruff problems, use Tea Tree oil. Mix a few drops of the oil in any shampoo and use it to wash your hair.

Now that you have gone through the basics, here are some effective dandruff prevention measures or tips that you can try.

1. Wash hair with cold or lukewarm water – Extreme temperature can very easily trigger off dandruff. This is the reason why you need to opt for lukewarm or cold water to rinse your hair during shower instead of hot water. This will prevent a dry scalp that leads to flake formation on the scalp.

2. Read before buying – When you go shopping for hair care products, make it a point to check the ingredients that the products contain. Especially watch out for common scalp irritants or chemicals that can cause dandruff.

3. Protect your hair – As a rule of the thumb, protect your hair whenever you step outside. Wear a cap, a hat or a scarf to protect it from the sun, dust, dirt and other debris. This will also help you prevent the accumulation of pollutants in the hair.

4. Drink Water and fluids stay hydrated – One of the ways to retain moisture on your scalp is to drink plenty of water and other fluids. Make sure you do that in order to have a healthy, dandruff-free hair.

5. Wash thoroughly – Buildup from shampoos, conditioners and other hair care products is often the main culprit behind yeast and fungus overgrowth that causes dandruff. Therefore, make sure that your scalp is clean by washing it thoroughly.

6. Eat healthy – Eating a healthy, nutritious food is another must-do thing on this list. Omega 3 fatty acids, vitamins, proteins are some of the essentials that you need to include in your diet for a healthy hair and a scalp that is devoid of dandruff.

7. Don’t stress – Stress is a major culprit when it comes to causing dandruff. It not only leads to weakening your immunity, but also makes you prone to dandruff. Therefore, take steps to eliminate stress from your life.

Dandruff may be a common problem that affects a large number of people all over the world, but armed with proper knowledge about its root cause and preventive measures, you can definitely control, if not cure the menace. So, use the guide to your advantage and say goodbye to your dandruff woes.